上帝祝福那被壓迫者God Blesses the Oppressed
Sep. 2, 18, Unit 1: God Calls a People上帝呼喚百姓
經文：出埃及Exodus 1:1, 5-22
Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 賴美滿 校長
Preface: Today we are going to be taking a look at how God blessed and looked
after His people, even though they were experiencing hardship and suffering at
the hands of an oppressive king. As we will see in today’s session,
the Lord is determined to bless His people in times of adversity just as much
as He does in times of prosperity.
Session Outcome: God recognizes and hears the cry of His oppressed
已看到我們生活在吃苦中，信賴上帝的主權、上帝的時間性、和愛是何等的重要。We examined the importance of faith in God’s Authority, timing, and love
in the midst of suffering.
這週This Week：我們將查覺上帝看顧（祝福）祂那被壓迫的百姓。We will see the way in which God (blessed) watched over His
讀經文Scriptures Reading：出埃及Exodus 1:1, 5-22
- The sons of Israel who went to Egypt with Jacob, each
with his family
- The descendants of
Jacob numbered seventy in all; Joseph was already in Egypt.
- Now Joseph and all
his brothers and all that generation died,
- But the Israelites
were fruitful and multiplied greatly and became exceedingly numerous,
so that the land was filled with them.
- Then a new king,
who did not know about Joseph, came to power in Egypt.
he said to his people, "the Israelites have become much too
numerous for us.
- Come, we must deal
shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war
breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the
- So they put slave
masters over them to oppress them with forced labor, and they built
Pithom and Rameses as store cities for Pharaoh.
the more they were oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread.
- So the Egyptians came to dread the
Israelites and worked them ruthlessly.
made their lives bitter with hard labor in brick and mortar and with
all kinds of work in the fields; in all their hard labor the Egyptians
used them ruthlessly.
king of Egypt said to the Hebrew midwives, whose names
were Shiphrah and Puah,
you help the Hebrew women in childbirth and observe them on the
delivery stool, if it is a boy, kill him; but if it is a girl, let her
midwives, however, feared God and did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do; they let the boys
the king of Egypt summoned the midwives and asked them,
"Why have you done this? Why have you let the boys live?"
midwives answered Pharaoh, "Hebrew women are not like Egyptian
women; they are vigorous and give birth before the midwives
God was kind to the midwives and the people increased and became even
because the midwives feared God, he gave them families of their own.
Pharaoh gave this order to all his people: "Every boy that is
born of you, must be throw into the Nile, but let every girl live."
5 .凡從雅各而生的、共有七十人． 約瑟已經在埃及。
6. 約瑟和他的弟兄、並那一代的人都 死了。
- 但是收生婆敬畏 神、不照埃及王的吩咐行、竟存留男孩的性命。
- 收生婆因為敬畏 神、 神便叫他們成立家室。
A. During Days of Prosperity Exodus 1:1-7, “The children of Israel, or Israelites, were the descendants of Jacob, whose name was changed
to Israel after he wrestled with the angel (see Genesis 32:24-30). Jacob’s
family had moved to Egypt at the invitation of Joseph, one of Jacob’s sons
who had become a great ruler under Pharaoh, Jacob’s family grew into a
large nation. But, as foreigners and newcomers, their lives were quite
different from the Egyptians. The Hebrews worshiped one God; the Egyptians
worshiped many gods. The Hebrews were wanders; the Egyptians had a deeply
rooted culture. The Hebrews were shepherds; the Egyptians were builders.
The Hebrews were also physically separated from the rest o the Egyptians: They
lived in Goshen, north of the great Egyptian cultural centers. - P.126 Commentary of NIV.
Exodus begins by listing
Jacob’s 12 sons whose families came to number “seventy in all,” a number
that symbolizes abundance (v. 5). These families “were exceedingly
fruitful” and “multiplied greatly”, They
“became so numerous that the land was filled with them” (v. 7). These words
recall God’s promise to make Abraham’s offspring as numerous as the stars
in the sky (Ge.15:4).
They also answer the prayer of Isaac for Jacob when he said, “May God
Almighty bless you and make you fruitful and increase your numbers” (Ge.28:3).
This introduction to the
Exodus story reminds us how important it is to recall God’s blessing in our
lives. Unfortunately we can take such blessings for granted, especially in
times of prosperity. We must
intentionally remind ourselves of God’s amazing grace each day. Whether
large or small, all blessings come from the hand of God.
A. 當繁榮之時期：出埃及記1:1:7, 以色列的眾子、就是雅各的兒子、也稱為以色列人。雅各與天使角力後，神賜他的名字為以色列
(歌珊), 遠離埃及的文化中心，甚少與埃及人來往。(靈修版解經 P.114)
出埃及記開始類出雅各的12個兒子，〝全家共有七十人〞，這數目象徵豐富(v. 5). 這些家庭〝超過多產的〞和〝多繁殖的〞〝他們的人數是充滿於地〞(v. 7).，這些應允了上帝說過的要使希伯來族之始祖亞伯拉罕的子孫如天空之星那麼多(創.15:4) 也回應了以撒給雅各的禱告說，“萬能的上帝祝福你和多繁殖你的數量” (創世記.28:3).
B. During the days of Adversity Exodus 1:8-14, haraoh was afraid the
Israelites were becoming so numerous that they would organize and threaten
his kingdom, so he made them slaves and oppressed them to kill their spirit
and stop their growth. Slavery was an ancient practice used by almost all
nations to employ conquered people, Although Israel was not conquered nation, but the people were foreigners and thus
lacked the rights of native Egyptians.
There were levels of slavery in Egypt. Some slaves worked long hours in mud
pits while others were skilled carpenters, craftsmen. Regardless of their
skill or level, all slaves were watched closely by ruthless slave in masters,
supervisors whose assignment was to keep the slaves working as fast as
possible. There were specialists at making a slave’s life miserable.
The Egyptians tried to wear down the
Hebrew people by forcing them into slavery and mistreating them. Instead,
the Hebrews multiplied and grew stronger. When we are burdened or
mistreated, we may feel defeated.
But our burdens can make us stronger and develop qualities in us
that will prepare us for the future. We cannot be over-comers without
troubles to overcome. Be true to God in the hard times because even the
worst situations can make us better people.
centuries God’s people often testify to the truth of this paradox: the
more adversity, the more blessing. V.12 - the more they were
oppressed, the more they multiplied and spread. Paul knew that “in
all things God works for the good of those who love him” (Romans 8:28). It is God’s way with His people.
C. During the days of More Adversity Exodus 1:15-22: God’s blessing upon Israel, the king of Egypt came up with another
plan. He ordered Hebrew midwives to kill male babies as they were
delivered. In a patriarchal society family lineage continued through sons.
So the elimination of males would surely stunt Israelite population growth
and thus the blessing of God.
God-fearing midwives, however, undermined the
king’s plan. They “did not do what the king of Egypt had told them to do”
because God’s approval was more important to them than his (v. 17). They
knew that the God of Israel loved children, because
they were signs of His blessing. Since the dawn of creation God had
commanded humans to, “Be fruitful and increase in number” (Genesis 1:28).
As a reward
for honoring God’s values, the midwives received God’s blessing. “He gave
them families of their own” (v. 21). In addition, God continued to bless
the community of Israel “and the people
increased and became even more numerous” (v. 20). Once again, as wickedness
pressed in, God’s blessing broke out.
POINT: A popular hymn entitled “Count Your
Blessings” challenges God’s people to recount their blessings even in
life’s most difficult times. When we do, the song says we will be surprised
at what God has done. When we pause to take notice, we will see that God has
been blessing our lives, in the bad times as well as the good. The great
heart of God always seems to find a way to bless those He loves.
Think about those who
might be considered oppressed. In what ways can
God work through your life to be a blessing to them?
幾百年來 上帝的子民經常見證這個似非而是的真實議論：愈受苦難、愈受祝福。如上述 “只是越發苦害他們、他們越發多起來、越發蔓延．” (v. 12). 保羅也說過，“我們曉得萬事都互相效力、叫愛 神的人得益處.. (羅馬書 8:28)，那是上帝與祂的百姓之關係方式。
C. 當更不幸之時期：出1:15-22 以色列蒙受上帝的祝福，但埃及王出一個主意，命令希伯來的兩個收生婆 臨盆時、就把男嬰殺掉。在早期的社會家庭繼續傳承是男孩，所以限制男性的出生、就阻礙以色列人口增加，但還是成長是上帝的祝福。
17節說，“但是收生婆敬畏 神、不照埃及王的吩咐行、竟存留男孩的性命。”因為上帝的旨意本是 重於王的吩咐。她們知道以色列人的神愛小孩，因他們滿受祝福的。神賜福他們、對他們說、“要生養眾多、遍滿地面..” (創世記 1:28) 。
收生婆因為敬畏 神、 神便祝福她們叫他們成立家室(21節)。除此之外，上帝繼續祝福以色列，以色列人多起來、極其強盛(20節)。再叮嚀，邪惡的心進來，上帝的祝福就出去。
重點: 一則普遍的讚美詩說，“數算你的幸福 (或祝福)“。這支歌勉勵上帝的子民重算在最困難中上帝的祝福。當我們重算，如歌中所說的你將驚喜上帝的作為。當我們寫下來記錄，您將會看到上帝祝福我們的生活和生存無論是好景或逆境。上帝的心總是用祂的愛來祝福我們的。