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上帝呼召過聖潔的生活God’s Call to Holy Living


[wots]
10/12/2018


1: God Calls a People上帝呼喚百姓      Oct.14, 2018

           

Title: 上帝呼召過聖潔的生活God’s Call to Holy Living

經文:利未記Leviticus 19:1-10

Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 賴美滿 校長

https://www.WorldwideOTS.org

 

前言Preface:上帝告訴摩西要聖潔,我是你的上帝,是聖潔的 (Leviticus 19:1-10)上帝呼召祂的子民學習上帝的愛去愛人,例如, 上帝教導百姓在農田收割時必須留下那邊緣的稻和麥給旅行者或窮人取之。我們看到如何上帝的同在就是我們今日每天面對生活的重要挑戰。God said to Moses, ‘Be holy because I, the Lord your God, am holy (Leviticus 19:1-10) God calls His people to learn to love as God loves, for example, God taught people leave the edges of their fields unharvested, providing food for travelers and the poor to have.

We looked at how God’s presence is essential as we face the challenges of daily life.

 

上週Last Week: 我們每天面對日常生活挑戰之基本需要關鍵就是上帝的同在  We explored how Gods presence is essential as we face the challenges of daily life.

這週This Week這週我們將看到上帝命令我們要充分表現透過我們生命之中過聖潔擴散到他人的生活。以下至少分成三部分解釋之:                                                                        We will see that God’s command to be holy permeates life and is only adequately expressed through our whole being.  There are at least three parts to explain:

 

1.      聖潔始自十誡Holiness Begins with the Ten Commandments: 利未記 read Leviticus 19:1-4

耶和華對摩西說、你曉諭以色列全會眾說、你們要聖潔、因為我耶和華你們的 神是聖潔的。The LORD said to Moses, "Speak to the entire assembly of Israel and say to them: 'Be holy because I, the LORD your God, am holy.

      你們各人都當孝敬父母.也要守我的安息日.我是耶和華你們的 神。"Each of you must respect his mother and father, and you must observe my Sabbaths. I am the LORD your God.

      你們不可偏向虛無的神也不可為自己鑄造神像我是耶和華你們的 神”‘Do not turn to idols or make gods of cast metal for yourselves. I am the LORD your God.

 

 

解經文: 要聖潔、因為 上帝是聖潔的。就是要守十誡 (利未記20:1-17)To be holy as God is holy, it is to keep the Ten Commandments (Leviticus20:1-17).

   所有十誡的基本倫理教導之責是強調生活的聖潔。All Ten summarize the basic ethical responsibilities for those who are dedicated to holy living.

  前面的四誡 (利未記20:1-11) 是旨著上下與神之關係和責任是全心,全靈和全力的愛祂(命申 6:4). The first four commandments (Leviticus20:1-11) define our vertical responsibilities to God as we love Him with all our heart, all our soul, and all our strength (Deuteronomy 6:4).

  最末的六誡 ( 20:12-17) 是旨著我們左右與他人之關係,在利未記的命令是: 愛您的鄰居如己 (利未記19:18)。基督之律法最基本是聖潔自己。可將這總結於神的乎召是愛神和愛人(馬太福音 22:37-39; 馬可福音 12:30-31; 路加福音 10:27) 以及 信心連結之解經。.

The last six (Exodus 20:12-17) define our horizontal commitments to others which are captured in Leviticus with the command: “Love your neighbor as yourself” (Leviticus19:18). For Jesus, the whole Law, and thus the essence of holy living itself, can be summarized by this call to love God and to love others (Matthew 22:37-39; Mark 12:30-31; Luke 10:27) & Commentary from the Faith Connection p.46 by William Malas Jr. is professor of Biblical Literature and the Chair of the Department of Religion at Eastern Nazarene College, Quincy, MA.

 

 

2.       獻祭必蒙神悅納之方式Holy Worship Must Be Done God’s Way: 利未記Leviticus 19:5-8請讀:

你們獻平安祭給耶和華的時候、要獻得可蒙悅納。這祭物要在獻的那一天、和第二天喫、若有剩到第三天的、就必用火焚燒。第三天若再喫、這就為可憎惡的、必不蒙悅納.凡喫的人、必擔當他的罪孽、因為他褻瀆了耶和華的聖物、那人必從民中剪除。

        解經文-利未記19:5-8: 當您獻祭給神後,當天必吃完或次日,任何東西留到第三天必須燒過,若先吃是不行的因是不潔的。若任何人吃了自必負責,因他將被開除出眾,因他被解釋要聖潔於神。"When you sacrifice a fellowship offering to the LORD, sacrifice it in such a way that it will be accepted on your behalf. It shall be eaten on the day you sacrifice it or on the next day; anything left over until the third day must be burned up. If any of it is eaten on the third day, it is impure and will not be accepted. Whoever eats it will be held responsible because he has desecrated what is holy to the LORD; that person must be cut off from his people.

 

“信心連結”第四十七頁之解經叮嚀上帝聖潔的子民要守安息日,以及禁止拜偶像。每一代並包含我們自己的計畫是要配合上帝所計畫的。因為以色列百姓吃那獻祭後之食物兩天後就不能吃了,若第三天吃了那獻祭就失去意義了。要處理妥當才不致浪費,這也是與神和好的關係。

深思之,聖潔是不同於倫理學圖將人們分成好壞兩種。聖潔是使人與上帝有特殊的關係。

Commentary from the Faith Connection p.47 –

Leviticus 19:5-8 which reminds God’s holy people to keep the Sabbath and to refrain from idolatry. Every generation, including our own, needs this reminder as we tend to put ourselves and our desires over God. Since the Israelites participated in this offering by eating what was sacrificed, they were not permitted to eat it after two days. If they ate the food on the third day, then the offering would lose its special significance. To keep it longer than that, they would have to prepare it for storage like any other common food that they had. While it would be tempting to not let this food go to waste, treating what once was deemed a holy sacrifice as now a common thing in their lives could easily become the pattern for how they related to God as well.

Think about it: Holiness is more than the difference between moral and immoral, good and bad. Holiness is the concept of being set apart by God for God.

 

3.      獻祭意識虔誠照料他人Holiness Means Caring for Others: 利未記 Leviticus 19:9-10     在你們的地收割莊稼、不可割盡田角、也不可拾取所遺落的。不可摘盡葡萄園的果子、也不可拾取葡萄園所掉的果子、要留給窮人和寄居的.我是耶和華你們的 神。”‘When you reap the harvest of your land, do not reap to the very edges of your field or gather the gleanings of your harvest. Do not go over your vineyard a second time or pick up the grapes that have fallen. Leave them for the poor and the alien. I am the LORD your God.    

這律法是保護窮人和外來人,而且要記得所有地是上帝的 ,我們人民只不過是為神照顧而已。This law was a protection for the poor and the alien (foreigner) and a reminder that God owned the land; the people were only caretakers. 上帝的子民以色列必放怏神的角色ˋ性情和態度行為。As people of God, the Israelites were to reflect his nature and characteristics in their attitudes and actions.

路得和拿俄米這兩人是這仁慈律法的好例子 (路得記2:2) and Naomi were two people who benefited from this merciful law (Ruth 2:2).

上帝教導希伯來人和我們要供應人們需要God taught the Hebrews and us to provide for those in need.

因為我們很容易或忘記窮人的需要,所以上帝要我們收割時不可割盡田角.要留給寄居的和窮人。He required that the people leave the edges of their fields unharvested, providing food for travelers and the poor. It is Easy to ignore the poor or forget about those whole.

 

4.      Conclusions:

  1. 當孝敬父母.Respect parents,
  2. 當敬拜上帝,也要守安息日,不可拜偶像。 Worshipping God not idol.
  3. 當要守十誡、過聖潔的生活 (20:1-17) Keeping the Ten Commandments  with the holy living (20:1-17)
  4. 當觀照別人 Caring others (Le.19:18)

  

上帝之計畫總是在創造聖潔的子民。

God’s plan has always been to create a holy people.

 

5.      課題Home Work : 在本週中想一想您用什麼方式使生命過得聖潔些呢?

Think about in what way can your life express holy living this week

 


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