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工作前要敬拜Worship Before Work


Unit 1. Ezra/Nehemiah

                            Session 2, Worship Before Work            6/14/2020

Scriptures: EZRA 3:1-11

Worldwide Outreach Teaching School

By Dr.Meiman Lai Saidi



PREFACE: The Israelites had been exiled in captivity approximately 500 miles away

        from home for about 40 years. Let’s look today at how they responded in the opening

         days of their homecoming arrival. True worship empowers fruitful work in God’s kingdom.

Last Week: We discovered how God is always at work accomplishing His will and

        providing for our needs.

This Week: We will discover how the work we do in the kingdom of God flows from                       

         our worship of God.

1. Recalling the Past: Read Ezra3:1-6, 1, When the seventh month came and the Israelites had settled in their towns, the people assembled as one man in Jerusalem. 2, Then Jeshua son of Jozadak and his fellow priests and Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel and his associates began to build the altar of the God of Israel to sacrifice burnt offerings on it, in accordance with what is written in the Law of Moses the man of God. 3, Despite their fear of the peoples around them, they built the altar on its foundation and sacrificed burnt offerings on it to the LORD, both the morning and evening sacrifices. 4, Then in accordance with what is written, they celebrated the Feast of Tabernacles with the required number of burnt offerings prescribed for each day. 5, After that, they presented the regular burnt offerings, the New Moon sacrifices and the sacrifices for all the appointed sacred feasts of the LORD, as well as those brought as freewill offerings to the LORD. 6, On the first day of the seventh month they began to offer burnt offerings to the LORD, though the foundation of the LORD's temple had not yet been laid.                                                                                                                Commentary: Ezra3:1-6 3: 2, 3, The Jews built the altar as one of their first official acts.  It symbolized God’s presence and protection. It always demonstrated their purpose as a nation and their commitment to serve God alone. Zerubbabel sacrificed burnt offerings as the Law of Moses instructed (Leviticus 1-7).The sacrifices were essential because they demonstrated that the people were seeking God’s guidance, rededicating themselves to living as he commanded, and daily asking him to forgive their sins.                                                                                                                3:3, The Jews were afraid they were going to be attacked by the surrounding people-a mixed group whose ancestors had been conquered by the Assyrians. Foreigners had been forced to resettle in the northern kingdom of Israel after Israel was defeated and her people taken captive in 722 B.C. (4:1,2). This resettlement procedure was a common tactic of the Assyrians to prevent strong nationalistic uprisings by conquered peoples. Some of the resettled people in Israel had migrated south, near Jerusalem, and they may have thought the returning exiles threatened their claim on the land.                                                                            3:4, The Feast of Tabernacles lasted seven days. During this time, the people lived in temporary dwellings (tents, booths, lean-tos) as their ancestors had done years before as they journeyed through the desert on their way to the promised land. The Feast reminded the people of God’s past protection and guidance in the desert and of his continued love for them. The Feast of Tabernacles is described in detail in Leviticus 23:33-36. 3:5, Almost immediately after arriving in the new land, the returning exiles built an altar. The people began worshiping God through sacrifices even before the temple foundations were laid. After many years in captivity, they had learned their lesson—they knew that God does not offer special protection to people who ignore him. They had been carried off by the Babylonians when they were relatively strong; here they were few, weak, and surrounded by enemies. If ever they needed to rely on God’s power, it was at this time. the heart, and They realized the importance of obeying God from not merely out of habit. If we want God’s help when we undertake large tasks, we must make staying close to him our top priority.                                               3:5, These sacrifices were originally set up under the Law of Moses in Leviticus 1 and 6:8-13. The feasts are described in Leviticus 23. Every month on the day of the New Moon, they held a special observance (Numbers 10:10).

2. Living into the Present: Read Ezra3:7-9, 7,Then they gave money to the masons and carpenters, and gave food and drink and oil to the people of Sidon and Tyre, so that they would bring cedar logs by sea from Lebanon to Joppa, as authorized by Cyrus king of Persia. 8, In the second month of the second year after their arrival at the house of God in Jerusalem, Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, Jeshua son of Jozadak and the rest of their brothers (the priests and the Levites and all who had returned from the captivity to Jerusalem) began the work, appointing Levites twenty years of age and older to supervise the building of the house of the LORD. 9, Jeshua and his sons and brothers and Kadmiel and his sons (descendants of Hodaviah) and the sons of Henadad and their sons and brothers--all Levites--joined together in supervising those working on the house of God.                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                      Commentary: Ezra 3: 7-9, 3:7, When Solomon built the first temple (2Chronicles 2), he also exchanged food and olive oil-plentiful resources in Israel-for good, a resource Israel lacked. The wood came from Sidon and Tyre that time too. 3:8, Why was the Lord’s temple begun first, even before the city wall?  The temple was used for spiritual purposes, the wall, for military and political purpose. God had always been the nation’s protector, and the Jews knew that the strongest stone wall would not protect them if God was not with them. They knew that putting their spiritual lives in order was a far higher priority than assuring the national defense.  (P.940 of N.I.V.)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                 

3. Envisioning the Future: Read Ezra 3:10-11,                                                                                                                                                                10, When the builders laid the foundation of the temple of the Lord, the priests in their vestments and with trumpets, and the Levites (the sons of Asaph) with cymbals, took their places to praise the Lord, as prescribed by David king of Israel. 11, With praise and thanksgiving they sang to the Lord: "He is good; his love to Israel endures forever." And all the people gave a great shout of praise to the Lord, because the foundation of the house of the Lord was laid.                                                                                                                                                                                          Commentary: Ezra 3:10,11, David had given clear instructions concerning the use of music in worship services in the temple (11 Chronical 16:25). Completing the foundation for the temple required great effort on the part of all involved. But no one tried to get praise for himself and his own hard work. Instead, everyone praised God for what had been done. All good gifts come from God-talents, abilities, strength, and leadership. We should thank God for what has been done in and through us! (N.I.V. P.940)                                                       

4. CONCLUSIONS:                                                                                                                                                                                                              1. Ezra 3:1-6, Concentrate on the prelude of worship, Verses 2 and 4, Guidelines for Israelite worship had been instituted by God through Moses from the days preceding their entry into the Promised Land. One of the functions of worship is to connect us to the larger community of faith, both physically and historically. Verse 3, See 2 Samuel 24:18. (Connection to the past. Once ground had been used for sacred purposes, it remained set apart for such over the years and continued the legacy for generations.)                                                                                                                                              2. Verses 7-9, Concentrate on work. Swinging a hammer or painting a wall seems much like worship here; they began by giving money, food, drink, and oil to the people.                                                                                                                                                                                                                    3. All the people gave a great shout of praise to the Lord, it was more than celebrating the accomplishment of a human feat. This celebration pointed to the past as they sang the praises prescribed by King David (v.10). When you look to the past, what events or answers to prayer prompt you to sing praises to God?                                                                                                 

5. PRAYER: Lord, may our worship today, the emptying of ourselves, and our sacrifice of praise be an opportunity for Your infilling so that our lives may be pleasing sacrifices to You. (1. Insert from NIV Bible, 2. Excerpts from Jim Edlin, New Beacon Bible Commentary: Ezra/Nehemiah- Beacon Hill Press of Kansa City, 2017 & the Faith Connection, Professor Gay Leonard. Gay is an author and editor. Following 45 years of ministry together, she and her husband, Larry, now reside in Florida and Tennessee.)                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                                     第一. 以斯拉記

                                                              2, 工作前要敬拜                               6/14/2020

       經文 以斯拉記  三章:一至十一節

   Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 賴美滿 校長



前言: 以色列百姓已被俘虜自家流亡500 miles 距離家外有40 年之久. 今日,讓我們來看他們起初到達家園的開始。是實實在在誠實的敬拜神於祂的大有能力之神國堙C

 上週: 上週我們發現神總是在工作以完成祂的旨意,並且供應我們所需。                                                    這週: 這週我們發現如何從我們在敬拜中,使之更清楚我們所作的是合乎神國之旨意。                   1.回憶過去: 以斯拉記 3:1-6, 1, 到了七月、以色列人住在各城、那時他們如同一人、聚集在耶路撒冷2, 約薩達的兒子耶書亞、和他的弟兄眾祭司、並撒拉鐵的兒子所羅巴伯、與他的弟兄、都起來建築以色列 神的壇、要照神人摩西律法書上所寫的、在壇上獻燔祭。3, 他們在原有的根基上築壇、因懼怕鄰國的民.又在其上向耶和華早晚獻燔祭。4, 又照律法書上所寫的、守住棚節.按數照例、獻每日所當獻的燔祭。5, 其後獻常獻的燔祭、並在月朔與耶和華的一切聖節獻祭、又向耶和華獻各人的甘心祭6, 從七月初一日起、他們就向耶和華獻燔祭.但耶和華殿的根基、尚未立定。

解經: 以斯拉記 3:1-6, 3: 2, 3, 建造祭壇是猷太人回歸後頭一次有組織的行動。祭壇象徵荅囿漲P在與保護,修築祭壇顯示了以色列人復國的意願,也表明他們專一侍奉神的決心。所羅巴伯摩西律法的吩咐,獻上燔祭(利未記1-7) 他們此舉意義深長,代表要尋求神的指引把生命再次獻上,聽從主的教導,並求祂赦罪

3:3, 猷太人害怕鄰國的攻擊。這些國家混雜了不同的種族,他們的祖先曾被亞述國征服。他們的祖先曾被亞述國征服。公元前722年,以色列人被打敗走,外族人被迫遷入北國以色列境內 (4:1-2.) 這樣遷徒行動是亞述國一貫的策略,免得戰敗國的民族主義抬頭,引來動亂。部分移人的外邦人後來遷到南部近耶路撒冷的地方。現在,因猷太人回歸,外邦人便感到自己在當地的主權受到威脅。          3:4, 住棚節為期七天,期間百姓人住的臨時居所(帳篷,棚子,披屋), 與祖先前往應許之地途中,在曠野漂流所住的同樣。這節日提醒神的子民,過去神如何保護與引導他們的祖先走過曠野神對他們的愛恆久不變。有關住棚節詳細的描述,請看利未記23:33-36                                                                                                                                         3:5, 被擄歸回者抵回故國後,不等聖殿的根基建起,便立即築壇敬拜神,獻上祭物。經過多年被擄,他們吸取了教訓,明白到神不會眷顧遠離祂的人。過去他們強盛之時且被巴比倫人擄走,何況現在人數很少,勢力薄弱,且被仇敵包圍,就更該倚靠神了。他們知道服從神必需發自內心不能當成例行公事若我們需要隨時得到神的幫助,便應當緊緊的倚靠祂,把祂放在首位                                                                                                                                 3:5, 摩西律法訂明獻祭條例(利未記一章與6:8-13). 利未記23章詳細了其中細節每逢月朔之日,以色列人都是特別儀式慶祝紀念 (民數記10:10 & 聖經靈修版809)

2. 生活於當時: 以斯拉記3: 7-9, 7他們又將銀子給石匠、木匠、把糧食、酒、油、給西頓人、推羅人、使他們將香柏樹從利巴嫩運到海裡、浮海運到約帕、是照波斯古列所允准的。8, 百姓到了耶路撒冷 神殿的地方、第二年二月、撒拉鐵的兒子所羅巴伯約薩達的兒子耶書亞、和其餘的弟兄、就是祭司、利未人、並一切被擄歸回耶路撒冷的人、都興工建造.又派利未人、從二十歲以外的、督理建造耶和華殿的工作。9, 於是猶大在二章四十節作何達威雅的後裔、就是耶書亞、和他的子孫與弟兄、甲篾和他的子孫、利未希拿達的子孫與弟兄、都一同起來、督理那在 神殿作工的人。                                                                                                          解經: 以斯拉記 3:7-9, 7, 所羅門建造第一座聖殿時(參代下二章),也曾用以色列盛產的糧食與橄欖油,與西頓推羅交換國內所短缺之木材。3:8, 為何要先建造聖殿,然後才建城牆呢?因為聖殿是百姓靈性上的需要,城牆則是軍事和政治上的需要。猷太人明白了神才是人的保護,若神離開了他們,縱使有堅固的城牆也無濟於事 (參詩篇127:1) 他們知道保持良好的靈性生活,比鞏固國防更為重要

3. 擬想未來: 以斯拉記3:10-11, 10, 匠人立耶和華殿根基的時候、祭司皆穿禮服吹號、亞薩的子孫利未人敲鈸、照以色列大衛所定的例、都站著讚美耶和華 11, 他們彼此唱和讚美稱謝耶和華、說、他本為善、他向以色列永發慈愛,他們讚美耶和華的時候、眾民大聲呼喊、因耶和華殿的根基已經立定                                                                                                                                                                                          解經: 以斯拉記3:10-11,  大衛曾清楚的旨示,在聖殿媟q拜時應如何使用音樂 (歷代上 16:25)聖殿根基的奠定,有賴於每位參與者付出極大的能力,不過當中沒有一人誇耀自己的辛勞只將榮耀歸於神所有美善的恩賜,如天資、才能、力量和領導能力,全由神而來,應當感謝神給我們各種恩賜,又使我們來完成祂的工作             (解參聖經靈修版P.809)                                             

 4. 結論: 1). 以斯拉記3:1-6, 專注於敬拜的序言,第 2 4, 引導神透過摩西帶領百  姓進入應許之地之規則。其中之一的敬拜典禮是關於我們大眾有關信仰之聯繫,包括歷史性的與身心上的方式。第3, 請看撒母耳記下24:18. (與過去聯合,以祭神為目的, 但它也保留多年上代所留下的遺產。)                                                                                                                                                                2). 7-9, 專注於工作,如動搖鐵鎚或刷牆工作也像在敬拜; 他們開始以奉獻金錢, 食物, 飲料, 與食油給人。人們都呼喊讚美神 比起慶祝人的事業成就更為熱烈                                   3). 這慶祝顯示以色列大衛所定的例、都站著讚美耶和華 (v. 10) 當您看到過去,您會為神的回應激勵鼓舞的唱歌讚美神嗎?                                                                                             5. 禱告: 主阿, 可否使今日的敬拜,我們的倒空自己 以及我們讚美的獻上,使有機會蒙神填補,如此我們的生活能蒙神喜悅. (參考聖經與Jim Edlin和劉娜教授 之解經.)                                                               

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God Uses Wicked to Accomplish His Purpose (2) 

God Uses Wicked to Accomplish His Purpose (1) 



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