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七十二人之傳教團The Mission of the 72


Unit 2: The Savior ComesSession 10

Title: "七十二人之傳教團The Mission of the 72 "   2/03/2019

經文Scriptures:路加福音Luke 10:1-20

Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 賴美滿 校長


前言PREFACE: 今天的課程,有關於 收的莊稼多、作工人少”, 耶穌以前和現在教導門徒都在乎於為神的國度努力.耶穌供應我們參加神國度的原理原則耶穌在山上的改變形像剛好下來, 祂心斷然堅定上耶路撒冷, 進入祂最後人生階段的旅程。In today’s session, Jesus points His disciples—then and now—in the direction of the harvest field. He’s calling them to be workers in the kingdom of God. Jesus provides us practical principles for participating in His mission. Jesus has just descended from the Mount of Transfiguration and has “resolutely set” His heart and mind on Jerusalem (9:51) and the last stage of His journey to the cross.

上週Last Week: 被魔鬼附體的人是真實逐出 : 由完全不潔、腦筋不清楚、住在死亡中、並完全無助情況 ; 然而耶穌很容易的醫治了他。We examined how a demon-possessed man was a true outcast: totally unclean, out of his mind, living among the dead, and completely helpless; yet, Jesus healed him with ease.

這週This Week我們將了解何謂回應上帝的呼召, 為神國度在工作上得到勝利。We will understand what it means to answer God’s call to work in the harvest field of the kingdom.

1. 上帝的邀請Divine Invitation: 經文 Scriptures reading: 路加Luke 10: 1-7, 這事以後、主又設立七十個人、差遺他們兩個兩個的、在他前面往自己所要到的各城各地方去。就對他們說、要收的莊稼多、作工的人少.所以你們當求莊稼的主、打發工人出去收他的莊稼。你們去罷.我差你們出去、如同羊羔進入狼群。不要帶錢囊、不要帶口袋、不要帶鞋.在路上也不要問人的安。無論進那一家、先要說、願這一家平安。那裡若有當得平安的人、你們所求的平安就必臨到那家、不然、就歸與你們了。你們要住在那家、喫喝他們所供給的.因為工人得工價、是應當的。不要從這家搬到那家。After this the Lord appointed seventy-two others and sent them two by two ahead of him to every town and place where he was about to go. He told them, "The harvest is plentiful, but the workers are few. Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into his harvest field. Go! I am sending you out like lambs among wolves. Do not take a purse or bag or sandals; and do not greet anyone on the road; "When you enter a house, first say, 'Peace to this house.' If a man of peace is there, your peace will rest on him; if not, it will return to you. Stay in that house, eating and drinking whatever they give you, for the worker deserves his wages. Do not move around from house to house.

解經Commentary : 信心之連接選錄Excerpt from “the Faith Connection” : 耶穌邀請他72位參加布道人員禱告. 如此就是耶穌邀請他們進入上帝的使命。"要收的莊稼多、因此差遣工作人員進入主的農地重要的是要記得我們是被邀請參與上帝的使命上帝呼召、上帝提供需要和知識、要記得上帝送我們出去的每一步驟祂都與我們同在。

In verse 2 Jesus calls His 72 missionaries to pray.  In so doing He invites them into God’s mission. “Ask the Lord of the harvest, therefore, to send out workers into his harvest field.” It is important that we are invited to participate in God’s mission. God calls, God equips, God sends, and every step along the way we must remember that God is with us.

                路加想到先知在彌加書4:11-13以賽亞27:12-13; 63:1-6 所記載的最後以色列是要回歸的。耶穌是根據此有正面的方式, 呼召百姓進入上帝國度; 耶穌現在邀請我們參加帶領人信主, 要得上帝國的豐收。在舊約先知所預言的與此同樣, 在耶穌給祂的布道團之教導相同。The image of the harvest would have drawn the attention of Luke’s original audience back to prophetic texts like Micah 4:11-13 and Isaiah 27:12-13 and 63:1-6. In these and other texts, the harvest was depicted as the final judgment and the final gathering of Israel. Jesus is building on this image, but in a more positive way, calling people into the kingdom of God. Jesus is now inviting us to participate in the bringing in of the kingdom harvest, where the Old Testament prophets spoke of this activity as something God did alone. There is also, inherent in the harvest imagery as well as the rest of this passage, an urgency that is seen in the instructions Jesus gives to His missionaries.

不要帶錢囊、不要帶口袋、不要帶鞋.在路上也不要問人的安。無論進那一家、先要說、願這一家平安。你們要住在那家、喫喝他們所供給的.因為工人得工價是應當的。不要從這家搬到那家。開始您以為耶穌的話奇怪 , 但當我們考慮到祂的時間的重要性,  這些教導是對的, 耶穌是說 , “旅行的亮光要快、不被打擾、要專心於任務、不要停下浪費時間要改進自己的情況、或要求過得舒服! 好像是路加叮嚀我們要記得以利沙對他的僕人基哈西, “若遇見人不要向他問安.人若向你問安、也不要回答.要把我的杖放在孩子臉上專心醫治那孩子 (王下4:29)豐收已到、迫切需要永生重要的任務和團隊必須緊急圍繞工作。

“Do not take a purse or a bag or sandals; and do not greet anyone on the road . . . Do not move around from house to house”  (Vv. 4, 7b). Jesus’ words may seem odd at first, but when we consider the important and time-sensitive nature of His mission, these instructions make more sense. Jesus is saying, “Travel light so you can move swiftly, don’t get distracted along the way, and don’t spend any time trying to improve your situation or your own personal comfort—stay focused on our mission! It is also likely that Luke is calling his audience to remember Elisha’s instructions in 2 Kings 4:29 to his servant Gehazi to avoid distractions on his way to heal a young Shunammite girl. The harvest is ready, the need is pressing, the mission is of eternal importance, and the missionaries must embrace a sense of urgency.

2. The Mission經文 Scriptures reading: 路加Luke 10: 8-20, 無論進那一城、人若接待你們、給你們擺上甚麼、你們就喫甚麼。要醫治那城裡的病人、對他們說、神的國臨近你們了。無論進那一城、人若不接待你們、你們就到街上去、說、就是你們城裡的塵土、粘在我們的腳上、我們也當著你們擦去.雖然如此、你們該知道 神的國臨近了。我告訴你們、當審判的日子、所多瑪所受的、比那城還容易受呢。哥拉汛哪、你有禍了.伯賽大阿、你有禍了.因為在你們中間所行的異能、若行在推羅西頓、他們早已披麻蒙灰坐在地上悔改了。當審判的日子、推羅西頓所受的、比你們還容易受呢。迦百農阿、你已經升到天上.〔或作你將要升到天上麼〕將來必推下陰間。又對門徒說、聽從你們的、就是聽從我、棄絕你們的、就是棄絕我、棄絕我的、就是棄絕那差我來的。那七十個人歡歡喜喜的回來說主阿、因你的名、就是鬼也服了我們。


"When you enter a town and are welcomed, eat what is set before you. Heal the sick who are there and tell them, 'The kingdom of God is near you.' But when you enter a town and are not welcomed, go into its streets and say, 'Even the dust of your town that sticks to our feet we wipe off against you. Yet be sure of this: The kingdom of God is near.' I tell you, it will be more bearable on that day for Sodom than for that town. "Woe to you, Korazin! Woe to you, Bethsaida! For if the miracles that were performed in you had been performed in Tyre and Sidon, they would have repented long ago, sitting in sackcloth and ashes. But it will be more bearable for Tyre and Sidon at the judgment than for you. And you, Capernaum, will you be lifted up to the skies? No, you will go down to the depths.

"He who listens to you listens to me; he who rejects you rejects me; but he who rejects me rejects him who sent me." The seventy-two returned with joy and said, "Lord, even the demons submit to us in your name.

" He replied, "I saw Satan fall like lightning from heaven. I have given you authority to trample on snakes and scorpions and to overcome all the power of the enemy; nothing will harm you. However, do not rejoice that the spirits submit to you, but rejoice that your names are written in heaven."

解經Commentary路加Luke 10: 8-20, Excerpt from N.I.V.p.2158-2160 & 靈修版199-201:

V.8-9, 當門徒出發時耶穌給他們兩個命令。一是人們給他們擺上食物就吃 , 表示接受款待 , 不挑剔: 二是他們要給人治病。人們會因為門徒能治病而願意聽他們宣講福音Jesus gave two rules for the disciples to follow as they traveled. They were to eat what was set before them – that is, they were to accept hospitality without being picky – and they were to heal the sick. Because of the healings, people would be willing to listen to the gospel.

Vv.12-13, 所多瑪是一個充滿罪惡的城市, 所以上帝毀了這城市(參創19) 這城市的名字經常用來代表罪惡。大審判之日, 所多瑪會受到逞罰, 然而那些看到彌賽亞但又拒絕上帝的城市會受到更重的刑罰。推羅希頓兩個城市也因為它們的罪惡而被上帝咒詛。Sodom was an evil city that God destroyed because of its great sinfulness (Ge. 19). The city’s name is often used to symbolize wickedness and immorality. Sodom will suffer at judgment day, but cities who saw the Messiah and rejected him will suffer even more. Korazin was a city near the Sea of Galilee, probably about two miles north of Caprnaum. Tyre and Sidon were cities destroyed by God as punishment for their wickedness (see Ezekiel 26-28).

V. 15, 迦百就是耶穌在加利利工作的基地, 是一個重要交匯處, 商人和軍隊經常來往這裡, 所以在迦百農宣告的消息會很快傳出去。然而迦百農的人大部分不相信耶穌的神蹟和教誨, 所以這個城市也要受審判

Capernaum was Jesus’ base for his Galilean ministry. The city was located at an important crossroads used by traders and the Roman army, so a message proclaimed in Capernaum was likely to go far. But many people of Capernaum did not understand Jesus’ miracles or believe his teaching, and the city was included among those who would be judged for rejecting him.

*Vv. 17-20, 當門徒以耶穌的名和權柄去傳道、 趕鬼時, 他們看到極大的效果。他們因所看到的勝利而歡欣, 耶穌也分享他們的興奮。不過, 耶穌提醒他們最大的喜樂應該是自己的名字被記載天上了。這個榮譽比任何的成就都更重要。當然我們看到上帝在我們堶悼H及透過我們做奇妙的工作時, 不要忘記那最重要的 我們是天國子民。The disciples had seen tremendous results as they ministered in Jesus’ name and with his authority. They were elated by the victories they had witnessed, and Jesus shared their enthusiasm. He helped them get their priorities right, however, by reminding them of their most important victory – that their names were written in heaven. This honor was more important than any of their accomplishments. As we see God’s wonders at work in and through us, we should not lose sight of the greatest wonder of all-our heavenly citizenship.


3. 結論Conclusion

1) 上帝的邀請: 路加10: 1-7, 無論進那一家、先要說、願這一家平安傳福音之重要主題是帶入天國的平安 (vv. 5-6). 好像我們就是天國平安推銷員, 我們必須分享上帝之好消息, 製造平安, 講說平安的話語帶入他人的生命中, (做事情或說話要有耶穌的樣子)

2) 傳道的任務: 路加Luke 10: 8-20, 我們被呼召的任務, 以及上帝的能力要拯救世界, 也是上帝呼召我們傳揚百姓於其生命中, 於是他們將感恩成天國的一分子. 天國不是一個大能力之旅, 但上帝利用我們、經過我們、來領導百姓得永生與上帝同在。


1) Divine Invitation: Luke 10: 1-7, An important theme in this session is bringing the peace of the kingdom (vv. 5-6). If we are to be agents of this kingdom peace, we must share the good news of God, being peacemakers, speaking peace into the lives of others, (being Christlike in the things we say or do).

2) 傳道的任務The Mission: 路加Luke 10: 8-20, The missions we are called to, and the power of God working to redeem the world, are the God calls to us to spread the God’s calls to the people’s lives , then they will be thankful to be part of the kingdom. The kingdom is not a power trip, but what God does through us that leads people to eternal life with God.

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