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認過之禱告A Prayer of Confession


[W.O.T.S.]
8/13/2020


Unit 2. 詩篇

                                                  11 認過之禱告                                 8/16/2020

經文: 詩篇51:1-12

Worldwide Outreach Teaching School by 賴美滿校長

http://www.WorldwideOTS.org

 

前言: 早期的基督徒,詩篇是最有價值的敬拜來源,記載於教會之聖詩堙C其中的詩篇51

          篇是衛王謀殺其情人之夫後之悔罪哭禱。這是教會著名的七篇 悔罪詩篇之一

          大衛王自己不能洗掉罪他想如神能實在的洗淨其罪,他才能再從新快樂。約翰衛斯

          解釋這是違背神之律法意旨破裂了與神的關係。如神創造一個新心,以及同意

          聖靈同在的這人不再犯罪,他內心的本能所作取悅於神,跟隨神的腳步!

 

上週: 我們發現人類失去勇氣的原因,以及那時神供應期望勇氣的方式

這週: 發現認罪悔改的方式神的釋放贖罪能力在我們的生命中

 

1.      求饒恕的禱告: 詩篇51:1-2,  1 大衛拔示巴同室以後、先知拿單來見他.他作這詩、交與伶長。〕 神阿、求你按你的慈愛憐恤按你豐盛的慈悲塗抹我的過犯。2 求你將我的罪孽洗除淨、並潔除我的罪。

解經: 詩篇51:1-2,  想像有一位考試失敗的學生,去見其老師關於他對這課的預期實現成功的計畫。詩人以此描寫解釋神的寬恕,所以禱告說按你的慈愛憐恤我 (v.1a). 好消息是詩人所說的神,是人人知道的可塗抹我們過犯的神。 (v.1b) 而且是有豐盛慈悲的神 (v.1c). 赦免是詩人所要的。這赦免的禮物表明於三字有力的動詞: “塗抹” (v. 1d), “洗除淨盡” (v. 2a) 潔除” (v.2b).                                                                                                                                                      

                                                                                       (P.69 of the Faith Connection)

A.    認罪和神的公義判斷力: 詩篇51:3, 4 b.c.d.  3 因為我知道我的過犯.我的罪常在我面前4 我向你犯罪、惟獨得罪了你在你眼前行了這惡、以致你責備我時候、顯為公義.判斷我的時候、顯為清正  

解經:  :  我知道” (v.3a) 罪常在我面前 (v.3b) 是個人擁有罪的煩悶, 以致得罪了(v.4a) and ‘在神的眼前(v.4) 認知罪的影響神與他人的關係。

                                                                                    (P.70 of the Faith Connection                                                                                                                      

B.      認罪: 詩篇51:5-6, 5我是在罪孽裡生的.在我母親懷胎的時候、就有了罪。6 你所喜愛的、是內裡誠實.你在我隱密處、必使我得智慧。

解經: 詩篇51:5-6, 罪是普及了所有人類的生命; 詩人認知此事實, 且自人出生(v.5a)終結的進入世界也影響其罪之決定。詩人清楚的指出這罪不能埋怨他人,寧願說是與社會關係中造成的。第六句的信息 你在我隱密處、必使我得智慧”; 是又加強出生前甚至在母胎堜珣a來的,因神的同在,為人類的情形帶來了真理與智慧                                         (P.70 of the Faith Connection)

2.      再饒恕的禱告: 詩篇51:7,9,: 7 求你用牛膝草潔淨我、我就乾淨.求你洗滌我、我就比雪更白。9 求你掩面不看我的罪、塗抹我一切的罪孽。                                                                   解經: 繼續著第一和第二節,詩人用 hyssop一種牛膝草植物,其枝應用於猶太人的典禮儀式刷之 (v.7a) 這是象徵著洗滌乾淨的程式 (就如出埃及記12:22-猶太人的節日;利未記 14:4, 6之痲瘋病; 民數記 19:6, 18節的潔淨). 洗滌的信息在此又重覆,  但談到白雪 求你洗滌我、我就比雪更白(v.7b)         以及他的正面關係於白色。 比雪更白是準備有神的同在,相反的顏色深或黑色,則是有關悲傷, 生病和哀弔。最後新的描述有關赦罪之禱告 求你掩面不看我的罪、塗抹我一切的罪孽。是求神 (轉過臉面不看其罪惡) (v.9a).  表示他招惹了神的不快。詩人求神仁慈的將自己的罪離開他(P.70-71 of the Faith Connection)                                                          

3.      求復原的禱告: 詩篇 51:8,10-12, 8 求你使我得聽 的聲音、使你所壓傷的骨頭、可以踴躍。10 神阿、求你為我造清潔的心、使我裡面重新有正直的。正直或作堅定〕11 不要丟棄我、使我離開你的面.不要從我收回你的聖靈。12 求你使我仍得救恩之樂、賜我樂意的靈扶持我.                                                                  

解經:  求饒恕的目的意義不只是求赦免除赦免外是醫治和復原於是,他在禱告一次經驗到 歡喜快樂(v.8a) 所壓傷的骨頭、可以踴躍” (v.8b), 以及他的 (v.10a) (v.10b) 重新得力,創造力和內在有一個堅定的傾向。 這個復原乃依據神和透過聖靈之同在,因他求的 ( “憐恤v.1)51:10, 我們生來就犯罪 (51:5,) 所以我們有使自己開心而不讓神快樂之傾向 大衛就是這樣才霸佔別人的妻子。我們再犯罪的時候也是一樣,但我們必須向大衛ㄧ樣的求神清潔我們內在的罪 (51:7)求神清潔我們的心和靈魂使我們能容納神的思想和願望正確的行為只能發自清潔的心和靈魂。我們就求神在我們堶掖y一顆純潔的心和靈魂吧!51:12, 您有過信心停止不前的感覺嗎?神好像離我們很遠呢? 大衛就有這樣的感覺。大衛拔示巴同室後、先知拿單來斥責他,所以他在禱告中說: “求你使我仍得救恩之樂 (51:12) 神希望我們親近祂,並經歷到祂全備和完全的生命但若我們還沒認罪,我們就無法同神有這樣親密關係我們要向神認自己的過失,雖然我們要像大衛那樣面對罪在地上的後果,但神將使我們從新獲得與神親近的快樂 (聖經靈修版第980 & P.71 of the Faith Connection)                                                                                                                            

4. 結論:                                                                                                                              

    1). 求饒恕的禱告:大衛認罪開始用哭求憐恤的禱告,神大能實實在在的足夠赦罪和洗淨

        他  (詩篇51:1-2), 聖靈透過先知拿單(母下12),大衛王堅信出他的罪過。  (詩篇51:3-6).                                                                                                                                    

    2). 再饒恕的禱告:大衛求神為他做他不能做的事。如神潔淨他,他想他將能實實在在的潔

        淨,且能再快樂起來 (詩篇51:7,9)     

    3). 求復原的禱告: 詩篇 51:8,10-12, 認罪必須要悔改, 認罪 (口實釋罪) 重生 (新生),在此,

        造我們正義的新心與靈在我們中間復原我們與神和周圍之人的關係

 

Unit 2. PSALMS

                                Section 11, A Prayer of Confession               8/16/2020

Scriptures: Psalms 15:1-5

       Worldwide Outreach Teaching School 

  by Dr. Meiman Lai Saidi 

http://www.WorldwideOTS.org

 

Preface: For early Christians, the book of Psalms was their most valuable resource for worship, serving as the first “hymnbook” of the church. One of the most famous of all the psalms is Psalm 51, David’s cry of penitence after his adultery with Bathsheba and murder of Uriah. Today’s session describes king David’s broken relationship with God after he sinned with Bathsheba and had her husband killed. In today’s psalm, king David seeks to repair his broken relationship with God. He asks for God to make him new, repairing the breach, and creating in him a new heart.

 

Last Week: We explored the causes of human discouragement and the ways God

                     provides hope, and strength during those times.

This Week: We will explore the ways confession unleashes God’s redemptive power

                     in our lives.

 

1.      PRAYER FOR FORGIVENESS: Psalm 51:1-2, 1 Have mercy on me, O God, according to your unfailing love; according to your great compassion blot out my transgressions. 2 Wash away all my iniquity and cleanse me from my sin. Commentary: Imagining a student who has failed a test and gone to see the teacher about his future in prospects in this course. The Psalmist was in such a place of complete dependence on God, and so prayed “Have mercy on me” (v.1a). The good news is that the psalmist’s appeal was made to a God who was known for “unfailing love(v.1b) and “great compassion”. (v.1c).                       Forgiveness is what the psalmist asked for. The gift of forgiveness is expressed with three vigorous verbs: blot out (v.1d), wash away (v. 2a) and cleanse (v.2b).       

                                                                                 Psalms 51:1-2 (P.69 of the Faith Connection)

2.      Confession of Sin and Rightness of Divine Judgment: Psalm 51:3, 4:                    

3 For I know my transgressions, and my sin is always before me.                        

4 Against you, you only, have I sinned and done what is evil in your sight, so that you are proved right when you speak and justified when you judge.        

Commentary:  I know (v.3a) and “before me (v.3b) suggested personal ownership of the sin problem, while ‘Against you’(v.4a) and ‘in your sight’ (v.4) acknowledged the impact of sin on one’s relationship with God. Sin affected others and God.               (P.70 of the Faith Connection)

Confession of Sinfulness: Psalms 51:5-6, 5Surely I was sinful at birth, sinful from the time my mother conceived me. 6 Surely you desire truth in the inner parts; you teach me wisdom in the inmost place.

Commentary: 51:5-6, Sin is permeation throughout all the human life; The psalmist acknowledged this truth, referencing his birth (v.5a) as an entrance into the world that would ultimately influence his decision to sin. The psalmist was clear to own up to his own sin, not blaming others but rather acknowledging the social realities that shaped him and us all. The message of verse 6 reinforced this by asserting that even in the womb (before birth), God was present with gifts of truth and wisdom for the human situation.  (P.70 of the Faith Connection)                                                                  

 

3.      PRAYER FOR FORGIVENESS: Psalm 51:7,9, 7 Cleanse me with hyssop, and I will be clean; wash me, and I will be whiter than snow. 9 Hide your face from my sins and blot out all my iniquity.

             Commentary: Psalm 51:7,9 - Continuing the themes in verses 1-2, the psalmist  

             used the image of the “hyssop” bush (v.7a) which was associated with a variety

             of cleansing rituals (e.g. Exodus 12:22-Passover; Leviticus 14:4, 6–leprosy.

                Numbers 19:6, 18-corpses). The imagery of washing is repeated, but here with

             reference to “snow” (v.7b) and its positive association with the color white. To be

             “whiter than snow” was to be prepared for the presence of God, in contrast to the

             color black and darkness which were associated with lament, sickness, and

             mourning.  The final new image in this prayer for forgiveness is the hiding (or

             turning) of God’s face (v.9a). This was expressing displeasure. The psalmist

     asked God to graciously separate himself from his sins. (P.70-71 of the Faith Connection)    

 

4.      PRAYER FOR RESTORATION: Psalm 51:8,10-12, 8 Let me hear joy and

gladness; let the bones you have crushed rejoice. 10 Create in me a pure heart, O God, and renew a steadfast spirit within me. 11 Do not cast me from your presence or take your Holy Spirit from me.12 Restore to me the joy of your salvation and grant me a willing spirit, to sustain me.       

Commentary: The goal of confession is mor than just being forgiven, significant though that is. Beyond forgiveness is healing and restoration, and these seem to have been in the mind and heart of the psalmist. Thus, he prays to once again experience “joy and gladness” (v.8a), that the crushed bones of a sick and stressed body might “rejoice” (v.8b), and that his “heart” (v. 10a) and creativity, and a steadfast inner disposition. This restoration was dependent on the presence of God through the Holy Spirit (the “mercy” asked for in v. 1).                                                                                       

        V. 51:10, Because we are born as sinners (51:5), our natural inclination is to please ourselves rather than God. David followed that inclination when he took another man’s wife. We also follow it when we sin in any way. Like David, we must ask God to cleanse us rom within (51:7), clearing our hearts and spirits for new thoughts and desires. Right conduct can come only from a clean heart and spirit. Ask God to create a pure heart and spirit in you.

        V. 51:12, Do you ever feel stagnant in your faith, as though you are just going through the motions? David felt this way. He had sinned with Bathsheba and had just been confronted by Nathan the prophet. In his prayer he cried, “Restore to me the joy of your salvation.” God wants us to be close to him and to experience his full and complete life. But sin that remains unconfessed makes such intimacy impossible. Confess your sin to God. You may still have to face some earthly consequences, as David did, but God will give back the joy of your relationship with Him.  (N.I.V. P. 980, 981 & P.71 of the Faith Connection)      

 

      4.  CONCLUSIONS:

   1). PRAYER FOR FORGIVENESS: David’s prayer of repentance

        begins with a cry for mercy to the God who is both powerful enough to forgive

        and cleanse him and compassionate enough to actually do it. The Holy Spirit,  

        speaking through the voice of the prophet Nathan (2 Samuel 12), has done a

        number on King David, convicting him of his sin (Psalm 51:1-2).    

   2). PRAYER FOR FORGIVENESS AGAIN: David is asking God  

             to do something for him he cannot do for himself. If God cleanses him, he will

        be truly clean and will be able to rejoice again (Psalm 51:7,9).

   3). PRAYER FOR RESTORATION: Confession must become repentance.    

        Repentance is met with justification and regeneration, where the Lord makes us

        righteous and creates a willing spirit within us, restoring our relationship with

        God and our neighbors. (Psalm 51:8,10-12).

 

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